Personal Pronouns and the Verb To Be

ser o estar


The personal pronouns in spanish are very similar to the english ones

I – Yo

You – Tu / Usted / Ustedes

He – El

She – Ella

It – Eso

We – Nosotros

They – Ellos

The pronoun you in english can be singular or plural, but in spanish we have a specific pronoun for each one, also we difference them if they are formal or informal.

Tu (informal)

Usted (formal)

Ustedes (plural formal and informal)

Vos (very informal)



The verb to be in english is used in many ways, however, in spanish, we have two verbs that can be translated as to be, this are used in different situations.


Yo soy

Tu eres

Usted es

El es

Ella es

Nosotros somos

Ellos son

Ustedes son

They are used to describe the following:

Origen / Origin – Las fresas son de Nariño / The strawberries are from Nariño

Destinación / Destination – Este regalo es para ti / This gift is for you

Propiedad / Property – La casa es de Manuel / The house belongs to Manuel

Composición / Composition – La mesa es de madera / The table is made from wood

Tiempo / Time – son las 10 de la mañana / it’s 10 in the morning 

Características / Characteristics – El carro es bonito / The car is pretty

Suceso social / Social event – La boda es en la iglesia / The wedding is at the church


Yo estoy

Tu estás

Usted está

El está

Ella está

Nosotros estamos

Ellos están

Ustedes están

They are used to describe the following:

Salud / Health – Martha está enferma hoy / Martha is sick today

Una condición / A condition – La cama está limpia / The bed is clean

Localización / Location – El restaurante está en la esquina / The restaurant is in the corner

Contrariedad / Setback – ¡La sopa está fria! / ¡The soup is cold!

Énfasis / Enphasis – ¡Tu hijo está muy alto! / ¡Your son is very tall!


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