Gender of Nouns

genders

One of the most confusing things when we are learning spanish is to keep in mind that nouns have genders, this means that the treatment we give to places, things, animals and people is defined by a femenine or masculine gender. Most of the times, there are general rules to definie which word is which gender, in other situation we just have to learn each word by heart.

The definite article the, in english, is used to define the singularity of any word, however, in spanish, we have two articles depending on the gender of the word, la if it is feminine and el if it is masculine.

So let’s check those gender rules out.

Masculine

Most of the masculine nouns will end in o

el carro / the car

el puerto / the port

el perro / the dog

el gato / the cat

el escritorio / the desk

There are others that doesn’t end in o, but they are masculine and we have to memorize them

el doctor / the doctor

el televisor / the tv

el estante / the shelf

el balón / the ball

el bus / the bus

Feminine

Most of the feminine nouns will end in a

la cama / the bed

la pala / the shovel

la estrategia / the strategie

la taza / the cup

la tierra / the land

Nous ended in ción, sión, dad, tad or tud will be feminine

la extracción / the extraction

la diversión / the fun

la universidad / the university

la libertad / the liberty

la juventud / the youth

Just as the masculine nouns, there are some that don’t end in a, but they are feminine and we have to memorize them

la base / the base

la clase / the class

la serie / the serie

la labor / the labor

la crisis / the crisis

Exceptions

Sometimes, words that end in a will be masculine

el tema / the topic

el clima / the weather

el agua / the water

el idioma / the language

el planeta / the planet

Sometimes, words that end in o will be feminine

la mano / the hand

la moto/ the motorcycle

la radio / the radio

la foto / the picture

Plural

When nouns are plural, the article changes depending on the gender the noun is.

If it is masculine, the article will be los and if it is feminine the article will be las

los carros / the cars

los perros / the dogs

los estantes / the shelves

los temas / the topics

los telefonos / the topics

las casas / the houses

las ranas / the frogs

las mesas / the tables

las cartas / the letters

las series / the series

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