Pronunciation Guide

pronunciation

Pronunciation in spanish is really easy, letters have specific sounds and the words are pronounced by adding one sound after the other, so if we learn how to pronounce the letters, we will be able to read most of the words in spanish with the correct pronunciation, so let’s start…

 

Vowels

a – as the a in apple

casa , pala , nadar , mandala , talar

e – as the e in café

elefante , esmeralda , empezar, este, verde

i – as the i in initial

iglesia , india , vivir , infringir , dificil

o – as the o in orange

oponer , coco, oso , ojo , ogro

u – as the u in rule

puro , suturar , untar , uno , usar

note: in gue and gui, u is not pronounced unless it is marked like this ü, güe, güi.

guitarra , guerra , guisante , manguera

pingüino , cigüeña , agüero , antigüedad

 

Consonantes

b – as the b in base

bote , abaro , barato , balon , bota

c – before a, o, and u, as the c in cut

caro , cocoa , culto , calor , cubo

before e and i, as the s in soil

cigarro , cerrar , cita , cena , vecino

ch – as the ch in chest

chorro , chocolate , chorizo , chicharron , chiste

d – as the d in dog

deber , domo , indio , donde , dedo

f – as the f in fork

facil , frente , foco , oficina, oferta

g – before a, o, and u, as the g in goat

gato , figura , gordo , ganar , guardia

before e and i, as the h in horse

genial , giro , gente , gigante , genuino

h – in spanish the h is silent

hombro , hermano , haber , hoyo , hacia

j – as the h in hair

jarra , junta , joya , jirafa , jerez

k – as the k in key

kilometro , kepis , kiosco , koala , kimono

l – as the l in lime

limon , loro , lastre , largo , pala

m – as the m in mother

maestro , moderno , mamá , termo , medio

n – as the n in nurse

nadie , nota , banana , nene , nunca

ñ – as the gn lasagna

mañana , araña , ñandú , niña , cañon

p – as the p in pear

perro , patio , puño , atrapar , puro

q – normally the q goes next to an u and it sounds as the k in kart

que , queso , quien , química , quemar

r – at the beginning of the word, as the r in rose

rosa , resto , ropa , río , rana

in the middle of the word, as the tt in matter

caro , loro , poro , duro , perdura

s – as the s in sun

solo , serio , sonido , peso , asar

t – as the t in tour

tarea , topo , tinto , tema , pato

v – the spanish v, in Latin America, is pronounced as the b in boat

veloz , vaso , viento , vuelo , uva

w – as the w in wonder

waflera , hawaiano , newton , watt , kiwi

x – as the x in expert

externo , proximo , maxima, xenon , exportar

y – as the y in york

ya , yo , yunke , yoyo , boya

note: y is normally used as the translation of and, in this case it is pronounced as the i in pink

z – the spanish z, in Latin America, is normally pronounced as the s in send

zorro , pozo , zapato , mozo , zanahoria

 

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