Translating Signs #4

 

Here we have another one of the many signs we can find in the streets of any spanish-speaking country.

IMG_1027

In it we can read:

ATENCION

ESTE LUGAR ESTA

MONITOREADO POR

CAMARAS DE SEGURIDAD

Let’s take it apart:

ATENCION – ATENTION

ESTE LUGAR ESTA – THIS PLACE IS

MONITOREADO POR – MONITORED BY

CAMARAS DE SEGURIDAD – SECURITY CAMERAS

this sign lacks of tildes, which indicate the accent marks in the spanish language, this means that the word “esta” have two different uses, “esta” is used to point at something and it is translated as the feminine “this”, but if we add a tilde, “está” change its meaning to the conjugation of the verb to be for the pronouns “el, ella, usted” and it’s translated to “is”. A good example of this case can be when we want to talk about a feminine object like the following:

“esta camisa está arrugada” / “this shirt is wrinkled”

The words “ATENCION” and “esta” should have tildes in this sentence – ATENCIÓN / ESTÁ

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Translating Signs #3

Hello again guys, today we’ll be translating a sign found in a park near my current house here in Bogotá D.C., it is located in the same park in which I found the sign in my first post, so let’s check it out.

aviso 2

In the sign we can read:

“Disfrute de este

parque, es para

usted y su familia,

ayúdenos a

cuidarlo”

Let’s take it sentence by sentence:

“Disfrute de este parque,” means “Enjoy this park,”… the word de in this sentence could be erased without changing the meaning of the sentence very much, normally we use disfrutar de when we are talking about things that in some way are there for our enjoyment.

“es para usted y su familia,” means “it is for you and your family,”… in spanish we usually omit the pronoun because it is not necessary when we know what we are talking about, that’s why we don’t see el es in this sentence, but just the verb es.

“ayudenos a cuidarlo” means “help us to take care of it”.

I hope you liked this post, and you could learn some spanish through it.

Thanks for reading, see you next time, nos vemos despues.

Adiós! 😉

Translating Signs #2

Here it is another sign to translate and to understand, so let’s get “manos a la obra”, which means literally “hands into work”.

promo

Today we have a special sign I found stuck in a shop’s window, it is one of those signs that we have to keep in mind so we can recognize it if we see it again. In it we can read:

Aprovecha

GRAN

PROMOCIÓN

let’s take it word by word

“Aprovecha” means “Take Advantage”, refering to an invitation to take advantage of a special offer or deal.

“GRAN PROMOCIÓN” means “BIG OFFER”.

Everytime we see these kind of signs, we can be sure there are good things happening, and usually the offers are very good.

Thank you for reading, see you next time

Adios! 😉

Translating Signs #1

This is the first of a serie of posts dedicated to decifer and decode some sings that we can normally find in public spaces, so let’s get to it

IMG_0974

 This is a sign that I found some days ago in a park I cross almost every day on my way to work, in it we can read:

“Escoja construir en vez de destruir”

“Escoja cooperar en vez de ser indiferente”

“Recoja lo que hace su perrito”

This is a really funny sign, because it starts mentioning really philosophical quotes and ends up saying something we didn’t expect. so let’s break it apart.

“Escoja construir en vez de destruir” means: “Choose to build instead of destroying”

“Escoja cooperar en vez de ser indiferente” means: “Choose to cooperate instead of being indifferent”

“Recoja lo que hace su perrito” means: “Pick up what your little dog does”

That last sentence is the funny part of the sign, because it refers to the dog’s poop as the “what your little dog does”.

I hope you liked this post and you could learn something from it.

Thanks.

Personal Pronouns and the Verb To Be

ser o estar

PERSONAL PRONOUNS

The personal pronouns in spanish are very similar to the english ones

I – Yo

You – Tu / Usted / Ustedes

He – El

She – Ella

It – Eso

We – Nosotros

They – Ellos

The pronoun you in english can be singular or plural, but in spanish we have a specific pronoun for each one, also we difference them if they are formal or informal.

Tu (informal)

Usted (formal)

Ustedes (plural formal and informal)

Vos (very informal)

 

VERBO SER O ESTAR / VERB TO BE

The verb to be in english is used in many ways, however, in spanish, we have two verbs that can be translated as to be, this are used in different situations.

Ser

Yo soy

Tu eres

Usted es

El es

Ella es

Nosotros somos

Ellos son

Ustedes son

They are used to describe the following:

Origen / Origin – Las fresas son de Nariño / The strawberries are from Nariño

Destinación / Destination – Este regalo es para ti / This gift is for you

Propiedad / Property – La casa es de Manuel / The house belongs to Manuel

Composición / Composition – La mesa es de madera / The table is made from wood

Tiempo / Time – son las 10 de la mañana / it’s 10 in the morning 

Características / Characteristics – El carro es bonito / The car is pretty

Suceso social / Social event – La boda es en la iglesia / The wedding is at the church

Estar

Yo estoy

Tu estás

Usted está

El está

Ella está

Nosotros estamos

Ellos están

Ustedes están

They are used to describe the following:

Salud / Health – Martha está enferma hoy / Martha is sick today

Una condición / A condition – La cama está limpia / The bed is clean

Localización / Location – El restaurante está en la esquina / The restaurant is in the corner

Contrariedad / Setback – ¡La sopa está fria! / ¡The soup is cold!

Énfasis / Enphasis – ¡Tu hijo está muy alto! / ¡Your son is very tall!